Drittes Reich, DDR, Sowjetunion, Kuba, Argentinien, Chile, Nordkorea, Syrien, Irak, auch die EU - sie alle wurden schon als Diktaturen bezeichnet. Dabei. Diktatur. Diktatur ist eine Regierungsform, die wesentliche Elemente der Demokratie nicht enthält. Es gibt zwar häufig Parlamente und Regierungen, aber keine. Diktatur. [lat.] D. bezeichnet eine Herrschaftsform, bei der die demokratischen Rechte abgeschafft sind und die Macht über Volk und Staat von einer.
Regierungsformen: Monarchie, Diktatur & DemokratieDiktatur, die. Grammatik Substantiv (Femininum) · Genitiv Singular: Diktatur · Nominativ Plural: Diktaturen. Aussprache. Diktatur bezeichnet eine politische Herrschaftsform, bei der die demokratischen Rechte abgeschafft sind und die Macht von einer Einzelperson. Die Diktatur ist eine Herrschaftsform, die sich durch eine einzelne regierende Person, den Diktator, oder eine regierende Gruppe von Personen mit weitreichender bis unbeschränkter politischer Macht auszeichnet.
Dikatur Indholdsfortegnelse Videodie brutalste Diktatur der Welt (Nordkorea Doku)
Als er sich deswegen Voice Of Germany Come Back Stage mit Sunny Voice Of Germany Come Back Stage, wird jedoch bald wieder vom Krieg eingeholt und kmpft auf Seite der Weien gegen die Rote Armee. - EtymologieDie Sowjetunion bekannte sich Schauspieler Männlich Deutsch ihrer Verfassung von zur Diktatur des Proletariats. Diktatur (fra latin: dictatura, en diktators embede) er en statsform, hvor al magt er placeret hos én diktator eller en lille gruppe personer (oligarki er ved et mindre antal . Dictatorship, form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. Dictators usually resort to force or fraud to gain despotic political power, which they maintain through the use of intimidation, terror, and the suppression of civil liberties. #dikatur | K Personen haben sich das angeschaut. Schau dir bei TikTok kurze Videos über #dikatur an. Declension Diktatur is a feminine noun. Remember that, in German, both the spelling of the word and the article preceding the word can change depending on whether it is in the nominative, accusative, genitive, or dative case. For further information, see Collins Easy Learning German Grammar. #dikatur | K Personen haben sich das angeschaut. Schau dir bei TikTok kurze Videos über #dikatur an. Diktatur (fra latin: dictatura, en diktators embede) er en statsform, hvor al magt er placeret hos én diktator eller en lille gruppe personer (oligarki er ved et mindre antal personer), som har uindskrænket magt. Diktatur. January 18 at AM. Ven a probar las alitas más ricas por solo $32 ¡Te esperamos!. JETZT ERHÄLTLICH: "Referate mit Stil. Von der Themenfindung bis zur Bewertung" von Miriam Müllersad-eye-never-lie.com: sad-eye-never-lie.com vers. Die Diktatur ist eine Herrschaftsform, die sich durch eine einzelne regierende Person, den Diktator, oder eine regierende Gruppe von Personen mit weitreichender bis unbeschränkter politischer Macht auszeichnet. Die Diktatur (von lateinisch dictatura) ist eine Herrschaftsform, die sich durch eine einzelne regierende Person, den Diktator, oder eine regierende Gruppe von. Diktatur bedeutet, dass eine Person oder eine kleine Gruppe von Menschen allein herrscht. So eine Gruppe kann zum Beispiel eine Partei sein. In einer Diktatur. Diktatur. [lat.] D. bezeichnet eine Herrschaftsform, bei der die demokratischen Rechte abgeschafft sind und die Macht über Volk und Staat von einer.
Wie alle Homunculi stellt Envy eine von Vaters Dikatur dar, finden sich die beiden kurz darauf Woven Hand einem Flschchen Schaumwein in der Krups Quattro Force Aldi wieder. - PolitischeBildung.chDie Batman Serien Stream Diktatur unterliege dagegen keinen normativen Beschränkungen, müsse sich aber gleichwohl zu ihrer Rechtfertigung auf höhere Instanzen Gott, das Volk, die Geschichte berufen.
In seiner letzten Rede vor dem Nationalkonvent am 8. Thermidor verteidigte er sich gegen die Vorwürfe, er strebe eine Diktatur an oder habe sie bereits inne.
Dabei gab er dem Begriff eine entschieden negative Konnotation :. Tyrannei und Diktatur wurden nun als Synonyme verwendet und begleiteten als Schimpfwörter Napoleons gesamte Herrschaft.
Auch für den amerikanischen Staatstheoretiker und nachmaligen Präsident Thomas Jefferson — war Diktatur kein Mittel, eine Republik zu retten und die Freiheit zu bewahren, sondern um sie abzuschaffen.
In seinen anfangs der er Jahre verfassten Notes on the State of Virginia ging er scharf mit den virginischen Politikern ins Gericht, die ihm während des Unabhängigkeitskrieges und ernsthaft vorgeschlagen hatten, einen Diktator zu wählen.
Der deutsche Philosoph Johann Gottlieb Fichte — entwickelte in seinen gehaltenen Vorlesungen zur Staatslehre die Idee einer legitimen Erziehungsdiktatur.
Nach der Französischen Revolution von wurde intensiver über die Diktatur nachgedacht. Als Louis Napoleon mit dem Staatsstreich vom 2. Der konservative Philosoph Constantin Frantz — befand in seiner Schrift Louis Napoleon :.
Auch der Philosoph Karl Marx — deutete Bonapartes Putsch in seiner Streitschrift Der achtzehnte Brumaire des Louis Bonaparte als Grundlegung einer Diktatur, die er mit einer zeitweisen Verselbstständigung der Exekutive aufgrund der wechselseitigen Lähmung der Klassen Bourgeoisie und Proletariat erklärte.
Erstmals in einem Brief an Joseph Weydemeyer skizzierte er am 5. Somit konnte er behaupten, dass die Diktatur des Proletariats viel demokratischer sei als jede parlamentarische Demokratie.
Zur Verdeutlichung führten Engels und er nach auch das Beispiel der Pariser Kommune an. Nachdem die Bolschewiki am 6. Januar die demokratisch gewählte Russische konstituierende Versammlung , in der sie nicht die Mehrheit hatten erringen können, gewaltsam aufgelöst hatten, wurde Lenins Konzept von deutschen Marxisten kritisiert.
Wie eine Klasse aber konkret eine Diktatur ausüben könne, wurde auch bei ihr nicht deutlich. Ein Beitrag zur Naturgeschichte der Revolution :.
Lenin und Leo Trotzki — wehrten sich gegen die Vorwürfe und warfen Kautsky Revisionismus vor. In Wahrheit aber sei in dieser die wahre Freiheit bereits enthalten.
Am Die Sowjetunion bekannte sich in ihrer Verfassung von zur Diktatur des Proletariats. Im Rahmen der Volksfrontstrategie der Komintern gegen den Nationalsozialismus wurde der Begriff der Diktatur nun mit negativer Konnotation verwandt, etwa in Georgi Dimitroffs bekannter Faschismusdefinition aus dem Jahr Auch die nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg entstandenen realsozialistischen Regime des Ostblocks mieden trotz der in ihren Verfassungen festgeschriebenen führenden Rolle der jeweiligen kommunistische Partei den Begriff Diktatur des Proletariats und bezeichneten sich lieber als Volksdemokratien.
In unmittelbarem Zusammenhang mit der Debatte zwischen Lenin, Trotzki und Kautsky entwarf der rechtsgerichtete deutsche Staatsrechtler Carl Schmitt — seine Diktatur-Lehre.
Er ging dabei von zwei Varianten der römischen Diktatur aus: In der ursprünglichen Form bis v. Sie beruft sich also nicht auf eine bestehende, sondern auf eine herbeizuführende Verfassung.
Die souveräne Diktatur unterliege dagegen keinen normativen Beschränkungen, müsse sich aber gleichwohl zu ihrer Rechtfertigung auf höhere Instanzen Gott, das Volk, die Geschichte berufen.
Da auch sie nur einen Übergang bilden sollte, stellte Schmitt sie sich ebenfalls zeitlich begrenzt vor. Als Beispiele für souveräne Diktaturen nannte Schmitt zwei Parlamente: den französischen Nationalkonvent von und die Weimarer Nationalversammlung von Vielmehr habe er zu einer souveränen Diktatur fortschreiten wollen, um die Gefahr definitiv zu beseitigen.
Die republikfeindliche Rechte der Weimarer Republik griff trotz ihres entschiedenen Antikommunismus diesen Ansatz nicht auf.
So schrieb etwa Ernst Jünger — in Der Arbeiter. Juan Perons regime i Argentina og Ferdinand Marcos' regime i Philippinene. Cobban: Dictatorship , London Duverger: De la dictature , Paris Hallgarten: Devils or Saviours: A History of Dictatorship since B.
Neumann: The Democratic and the Authoritarian State , Glencoe, fil. Schmitt: Die Diktatur , München og Leipzig Ousted from power in by the soviet occupation of Slovakia and executed by the Third Czechoslovak Republic.
This resulted in the establishment of Joseph Bonaparte as Spain's absolute monarch , who in turn abdicated the throne to Ferdinand VII, following the Spanish victory in the Peninsular War.
Although a liberal revolt briefly reinstated the constitution, the Congress of Verona ordered an invasion of Spain that restored absolutist rule until Ferdinand's death in , after which Spain once again became a constitutional monarchy.
He ruled Spain as Caudillo until his death in , after which Spain transitioned back to democracy. He was later removed from power by Symon Petliura , who re-established the Ukrainian People's Republic.
Driven by Yugoslavism as an ideology, he ruled as an absolute monarch until the ratification of the Yugoslav Constitution. Guardia subsequently retook the presidency in and served until his death in He approved and oversaw the Spanish occupation of the Dominican Republic , serving as Captain General of Santo Domingo until his resignation in Died during the Dominican Restoration War , which established the Second Dominican Republic.
Oversaw the Parsley massacre , which resulted in the deaths of thousands of Haitians. He oversaw a regime of state terrorism that killed thousands, before finally being defeated in the election.
Oversaw the Haiti massacre and ruled as an absolute monarch until his assassination in , when the country was divided between the Republic of Haiti in the south and the State of Haiti in the north.
He oversaw the brutal suppression of La Matanza , during which the armed forces massacred tens of thousands of people. Forced to resign in , following a general strike.
In he implemented the Law on Defense of the Constitutional Order, which suspended individual and collective rights, established the Revolutionary Party of Democratic Unification as the country's sole legal party, and intensified the repression of the workers' movement.
He led the occupation of Honduras during the Football War , though was forced to pull out after the negotiation of a ceasefire. He oversaw the military occupation of the University of El Salvador and repression of the students' movement.
He oversaw the Salvadoran transition to democracy and, in , he was elected as the 39th President of El Salvador. He oversaw the most violent period of the civil war and continued the violent policies of the dictatorship, until his health deteriorated and he was forced to accept a peaceful transfer of power with the Salvadoran presidential election.
In , he was declared president for life , a position he held until his death in He allowed the entry of the United Fruit Company into Guatemala and granted them numerous concessions, including the violent repression of the workers' movement.
He secured his rule through numerous controlled elections, in which he ran unopposed. In the wake of the Guatemala earthquake , a growing opposition movement began to challenge Estrada's hold on power, leading to his impeachment in He ratified concessions to the United Fruit Company which Herrera had refused to ratify , continued the practice of strike-breaking and established the Quetzal as the Guatemalan currency.
He served until his death in He was eventually overthrown in the Guatemalan Revolution , which established democratic governance in the country.
He established the National Committee of Defense Against Communism to investigate nearly 70, Guatemalans, thousands of whom were imprisoned, executed or disappeared.
He imprisoned many opposition leaders and rolled back the agricultural reforms of the revolution. He was assassinated in He oversaw the Guatemalan genocide , which massacred tens of thousands of Mayans.
He oversaw a wave of political repression and the height of death squad activity in the country, before eventually stepping down and allowing a return to democracy.
In he proclaimed himself King of Haiti and ruled northern Haiti until his death in Although initially a supporter of democracy, in he modified the constitution, declared himself President for Life , and suspended the legislature in Briefly served as dictator before dying of yellow fever.
In he led the Haitian occupation of Santo Domingo and ruled over a unified Hispaniola as "Supreme Chief of the Nation", until a piquet revolt forced him to abdicate in The Dominican Republic declared independence soon after.
Served as the Emperor of Haiti until , when he was deposed in a republican revolution by Fabre Geffrard. Established the Tonton Macoute to carry out a campaign of state terrorism and constituted the National Unity Party as the country's sole legal political party.
In he proclaimed himself president for life and violently suppressed an anti-Duvalier uprising , cementing his rule until his death in In he began to oversee a series of political repressions: he outlawed the Communist Party , suppressed labor strikes and banned the opposition press.
In , the National Party was constituted as the sole political party, presidential term limits were abolished and term lengths extended. He oversaw the reintroduction of the death penalty , reduction of the legislature's power and the revocation of women's citizenship and right to vote.
He established the Nationalist Liberal Party as the dominant party in Nicaragua and amended the constitution so that power was centralized in his hands.
After the end of World War II , the liberalization of Nicaragua was encouraged by the United States. Somoza formally stepped down as president, though still controlled the PLN government in practice.
In , Somoza was re-elected as President and served until his assassination in In , he stepped down as president, though in practice remained in control of the government until his death in In he passed the presidency to the Liberal-Conservative Junta , but he effectively remained in power, formally retaking the presidency in The Somoza regime was finally overthrown by the Sandinistas in the Nicaraguan Revolution , which transferred the presidency to the Junta of National Reconstruction under Daniel Ortega.
Served as the de facto leader of Panama, as the head of the National Guard and "Maximum Leader of the Panamanian Revolution".
Negotiated the Torrijos—Carter Treaties that secured future Panamanian sovereignty over the Panama Canal. In , he founded the Democratic Revolutionary Party and oversaw a return to civilian government , though he continued to serve as ruler until his death in In he was indicted for charges of racketeering , drug smuggling and money laundering , he was subsequently deposed during the United States invasion of Panama and the Panama Defense Forces were dissolved, leading to the return of civil rule with the Panamanian general election.
In , he briefly left power to lead the Desert Campaign against the indigenous Mapuche and Ranquel , resulting in the Argentine subjugation of the Pampas.
During this time, the Sociedad Popular Restauradora was created to carry out a campaign of state terrorism. He retook power in and was granted the " sum of public power ", with which he purged his political opponents, suppressed the opposition press and established a totalitarian dictatorship.
He led the Argentine involvement in the War of the Confederation , which dissolved the Peru—Bolivian Confederation.
In , he suppressed the unitarian revolt of the Freemen of the South. A slave owner himself, Rosas revived the slave trade in Argentina. By he had secured absolute dominance over Argentina and dissolved the Mazorcas.
He attempted to annex Paraguay and Uruguay , which eventually led to Rosas being ousted from power by the Argentine defeat at the Battle of Caseros.
He declared martial law and carried out a campaign of repression against left-wing political opponents, having several anarchist leaders executed.
He oversaw elections with the Radical Civic Union banned, which transferred power to the Concordancia. He secured Argentine neutrality in World War II , before resigning in He repealed the constitution and restored the constitution.
In , he stepped down after running new elections with Peronism banned. He suspended all political parties and brought an end to university autonomy, he also established a corporatist economy with the right to strike suspended.
He presided over a protectionist economy and the re-imposition of the death penalty in Argentina. He stepped down from power with the March Argentine general election , in which the ban on Peronism was lifted.
He oversaw the Dirty War , a period in which the military and the right-wing death squad known as the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance carried out a campaign of state terrorism, which saw the forced disappearance of up to 30, people.
In , he relinquished power and, after the return of democracy, he was put on trial for crimes against humanity and sentenced to life in prison.
He oversaw the invasion of the Falkland Islands and was removed from office after the Argentine defeat in the Falklands War. After the return of democracy, he was imprisoned for his mishandling of the war.
In he invaded Peru , leading to the foundation of the Peru—Bolivian Confederation , with himself as its Supreme Protector. After the Bolivian defeat at the Battle of Yungay , he resigned as Supreme Protector and fled the country, dissolving the confederation.
He promulgated a new constitution, repealing the Constitution, and gave rise to a new Republic of Bolivia. In he deposed the Constitutional President Eusebio Guilarte and ruled as de facto President for a year before himself being deposed.
In , he was confirmed as the Provisional President by the National Convention , and in he was elected as the Constitutional President in the country's first general election.
In he was confirmed as the Constitutional President by the Constituent Congress , shortly after he adopted dictatorial powers and was himself declared Dictator of Bolivia.
In , he proclaimed himself "Dictator for Life" and began to rule by decree. In , he was himself deposed in a military coup. In he was formally elected as Constitutional President.
After rebellions broke out throughout the country, he invoked a state of emergency and suppressed civil liberties. In he was elected as the Provisional President by an indirect vote, he was subsequently declared Dictator of Bolivia and used his powers to suppress the political opposition and attack the rights of indigenous peoples.
He was confirmed as Provisional President by the National Constituent Assembly and elected as the Constitutional President, an office he held until his assassination in In he was confirmed as Provisional President by the National Constituent Assembly.
In he was deposed by the constitutionalist Narciso Campero , and 40 years of military dictatorship were brought to an end. He later declared himself Dictator of Bolivia and served until his death in He was succeeded by Carlos Quintanilla , who oversaw a return to democracy.
In he received command from the junta and was confirmed as constitutional president by the National Convention.
After adopting repressive measures against the workers' movement, in he was executed and lynched by an anti-government mob. In , he was overthrown in the Bolivian National Revolution , which began a period of constitutional rule by the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement.
In he was formally elected as the constitutional president. In he was killed in a helicopter crash. His rule was marked by a power struggle between various military factions, which ended with his deposition.
He banned all of the country's left-wing parties, closed the universities and harshly reppressed all political opposition.
After overseeing the so-called " democratic opening ", he resigned from power under military pressure. In he was elected as a constitutional president and oversaw the Cochabamba Water War , until when he died in office.
In the wake of a general strike by the Bolivian Workers' Center , and under pressure by the government, he resigned.
Lidia Gueiler Tejada was subsequently elected by the National Congress as interim president. He re-established a military dictatorship that outlawed all political parties, exiled opposition leaders, repressed trade unions and muzzled the press.
He oversaw the execution and forced disappearances of over 1, people, including Marcelo Quiroga Santa Cruz. His involvement with drug trafficking led to his resignation in , under pressure from the military and the United States.
In he was formally elected as the 1st President of Brazil and Brazil was constituted as a presidential republic. After many republics withdrew their support, due to Fonseca's economic policies during the Encilhamento , he dissolved the National Congress and declared a "state of emergency".
He subsequently refused to call new elections and held on to power through the rest of the presidential term. Opposition to his rule culminated in the Revolta da Armada , which he managed to suppress.
He declared a state of siege, taking on emergency powers and suspending many constitutional rights. After the Brazilian general election , Peixoto stepped down, handing power to the civilian government of Prudente de Morais.
He subsequently governed by decree as head of the provisional government. After the Constitutionalist Revolution , a new constitution was drafted in , and Vargas was formally elected as the 14th President of Brazil.
He oversaw the suppression of the workers' movement in Brazil and, citing a fabricated communist coup, in he dissolved the legislature and abolished the constitution.
He thus constituted the Estado Novo , a totalitarian dictatorship with himself at the center. The communist and fascist dictatorships that arose in various technologically advanced countries in the first half of the 20th century were distinctively different from the authoritarian regimes of Latin America or the postcolonial dictatorships of Africa and Asia.
Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin were the leading examples of such modern totalitarian dictatorships.
The crucial elements of both were the identification of the state with a single mass party and of the party with its charismatic leader, the use of an official ideology to legitimize and maintain the regime, the use of terror and propaganda to suppress dissent and stifle opposition, and the use of modern science and technology to control the economy and individual behaviour.
Soviet-type communist dictatorships arose in central and eastern Europe, China , and other countries in the wake of World War II, though most of them as well as the Soviet Union itself had collapsed by the last decade of the 20th century.
During times of domestic or foreign crisis, even most constitutional governments have conferred emergency powers on the chief executive , and in some notable cases this provided the opportunity for duly elected leaders to overthrow democracy and rule dictatorially thereafter.
In other democracies , however, constitutional arrangements have survived quite lengthy periods of crisis, as in Great Britain and the United States during World War II, in which the use of extraordinary powers by the executive came to a halt with the end of the wartime emergency.
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Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites.Das war zum einen die Herrschaft des Nationalsozialismus unter dem Diktator Adolf Hitler Monster Der Tiefe Stream bis Ansichten Lesen Quelltext anzeigen Versionsgeschichte. Hallo Julia, diktatorische Regime gibt es noch - Nordkorea zum Beispiel oder auch Oman und den Iran kann man dazu zählen.