Eine mehr als Jahre alte Nation im Umbruch. Karte von Äthiopien. Äthiopien ist ein Land der Superlative: Aufgrund seiner Größe und seiner. Im Oktober wurde mit Sahle-Work Zewde erstmals eine Frau zum Staatsoberhaupt Äthiopiens ernannt. Ethnische und innenpolitische Konflikte. Äthiopien. Äthiopien: Reise- und Sicherheitshinweise (Teilreisewarnung und COVIDbedingte Reisewarnung) Äthiopien. Stand - (Unverändert gültig seit:.
Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen AmtsÄthiopien ist ein ostafrikanischer Staat. Er grenzt an Eritrea, den Sudan, den Südsudan, Kenia, Somalia und Dschibuti. Auf einer Fläche von rund 1,1 Millionen. Äthiopien ist ein Land der Legenden, der mystischen Orte und der faszinierendsten Naturschauspiele. Praktische Reisetipps finden Sie hier! Die GIZ arbeitet im Auftrag des BMZ seit in Äthiopien. Die äthiopisch-deutsche Zusammenarbeit konzentriert sich auf Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung und.
Athiopien Countries: VideoSüdliches Äthiopien (Deutsche Version)
Sollte ein Automat mal die Karte verweigern, nicht verzagen und den nächsten probieren. Doch Achtung: manche Kreditkarten oder Bankkarten sind für Äthiopien gesperrt.
Daher bei der ausgebenden Bank vor Reiseantritt fragen und gegebenenfalls entsperren lassen. Günstig sind mindestens 2 Karten von unterschiedlichen Banken, auch Prepaid-Cards leisten hervorragende Dienste.
Die Maestro-Bankkarte kann man als Cash-Reserve auf jeden Fall mitnehmen. Kreditkarten können bei vielen Bankfilialen auch am Schalter zum Bargeldbezug eingesetzt werden z.
Wenn gar nichts mehr geht, besitzt fast jede Bankfiliale im Land Anschluss an die Geldtransferdienste Western Union und Moneygram, wo die Lieben zuhause frisches Geld nachschieben können.
Es wird einem hier also niemals das Geld ausgehen. Es ist empfehlenswert, Bargeld vor dem Rückflug vollständig auszugeben.
Man sollte nicht damit rechnen, dass sich am Bole Flughafen eine Wechselstube für den Rücktausch findet. Auch die Duty Free Läden erwarten weitgehend die Bezahlung in USD.
Äthiopien ist bekannt für seine Lederprodukte. Doch auch Gold, Früchte und Teff Zwerghirse werden exportiert. Die Äthiopische Küche ist abwechslungsreich und sehr wohlschmeckend.
Eine untergeordnete Rolle als Kohlenhydratquelle spielen Reis und Couscous. Dazu werden verschiedene Saucen, Wot genannt, serviert, die in verschiedenen vegetarischen und fleischhaltigen Ausführungen zubereitet werden.
Fleisch können sich allerdings viele Äthiopier nicht leisten. In Äthiopien wird aus hygienischen Gründen nur mit der rechten Hand gegessen und die linke Hand verbleibt unter dem Tisch.
Äthiopische Frauen bereiten zudem vornehmlich zwei pikante Saucen mit viel zerlassener Butter zu: Für Geflügel oder Lammfleisch, Gemüse oder Hülsenfrüchte wird Alicha gekocht - aus Zwiebeln, Gelbwurz, Kreuzkümmel, Knoblauch und Ingwer.
Aus rotem und schwarzem Pfeffer, Knoblauch, Zwiebeln, Nelken, Muskat, Kardamom, Fenchelsamen, Koriander und Ingwer wird, vor allem für Rindfleisch, Wot zubereitet.
Diese Sauce ist scharf. Legendär ist die äthiopische Kaffee Zeremonie. Diese Zeremonie ist recht zeitaufwendig. Der Kaffee schmeckt zwar recht ungewohnt aber sehr gut.
Ausgehen ist in Äthiopien möglich, allerdings nur sehr begrenzt. In der Hauptstadt gibt es einige gute Bars mit Live-Bands oder einfach lokale Treffpunkte.
Äthiopier sind sehr gesellige Leute. Man wird in Äthiopien in praktisch jeder Ortschaft eine Unterkunft finden. Die Unterschiede in Qualität und Preis sind hierbei jedoch beträchtlich, wobei viel zu bezahlen aber nicht automatisch hohe Qualität garantiert - auch in besseren teureren Hotels ist man z.
An der obersten Grenze des Spektrums steht das Sheraton in Addis Abeba ab ca. Das untere Ende markieren einfachste Hostels, die oft nur eine eingeschränkte Versorgung mit Wasser und Strom gewährleisten können.
August bbc. In: zeit. Juli BBC News, 5. Juni , abgerufen am 5. In: FAZ. Juli , abgerufen am 8. Zeit online vom 9.
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Mai englisch. Milenium Developmental Goals — Goal 7. In: news. April englisch. In: data. Abgerufen am 7.
Nicht mehr online verfügbar. In: unicef. Archiviert vom Original am Dezember ; abgerufen am 6. The World Bank, Press Release, Fund for Peace , , abgerufen am Januar englisch.
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Januar , abgerufen am 3. PDF; KB Nicht mehr online verfügbar. In: fluechtlingshilfe. Juli , archiviert vom Original am 3.
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Januar , abgerufen am Instability may make Ethiopia a hard sell to foreign investors. Ethiopia arrests 15 over UAE embassy attack plot: Reports.
Äthiopien will den Renaissance-Staudamm zur Stromgewinnung möglichst rasch mit Nil-Wasser füllen. Sudan und Ägypten fürchten dagegen, bald auf dem Trockenen zu sitzen.
Trotz Gesprächen eskaliert der Konflikt noch. Wahlverschiebung und ethnische Spannungen - das Reformprojekt des Friedensnobelpreisträgers Abiy Ahmed ist akut gefährdet.
Doch ausgerechnet im Wahl-Aufschub könnte auch eine Chance liegen, meint Ludger Schadomsky. Der "Global Firepower Index" zählt die ägyptische Armee zu einer der stärksten weltweit.
Auch im Nahen Osten und in Nordafrika ist sie führend. Zu dem Anschlag Kilometer nördlich der Hauptstadt Mogadischu bekannte sich die Terrormiliz Al-Shabaab.
Unter den mindestens 13 Opfern der somalischen Sicherheitskräfte ist auch ein hochrangiger Kommandeur. Die äthiopische Krisenregion Tigray kann laut Welternährungsprogramms WFP künftig besser versorgt werden.
WFP-Chef David Beasley sprach von einem "Durchbruch". In der tunesischen Hauptstadt demonstrieren Tausende gegen exzessive Polizeigewalt und die aus ihrer Sicht ungerechtfertigte Festnahme von Demonstranten.
Am Montag sollte in Somalia ein neuer Präsident bestimmt werden. Gespräche über die Modalitäten scheiterten.
Das Risiko von Unruhen in dem Land wächst. Die Entscheidung beim libyschen Dialogforum in Genf fiel erst nach mehreren Wahlgängen.
The federal government, under the Prosperity Party , requested that the National Election Board of Ethiopia cancel elections for due to the health and safety concerns of COVID No official date was set for the next election at that time, but the government promised that once a vaccine was developed for COVID that elections would move forward.
They worked with regional opposition parties and included international observers in the election process.
Relations between the federal government and the Tigray regional government deteriorated after the election,  and on 4 November , Abiy began a military offensive in the Tigray Region in response to attacks on army units stationed there, causing thousands of refugees to flee to neighboring Sudan.
The politics of Ethiopia takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary republic , wherein the Prime Minister is the head of government.
The President is the head of state but with largely ceremonial powers. Executive power is exercised by the government.
Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. On the basis of Article 78 of the Ethiopian Constitution, the Judiciary is completely independent of the executive and the legislature.
According to the Democracy Index published by the United Kingdom-based Economist Intelligence Unit in late , Ethiopia was an "authoritarian regime", ranking as the th-most democratic out of countries.
However, since the appointment of Abiy Ahmed as prime minister in , the situation has rapidly evolved. In July , during a trip that then-U.
President Barack Obama took to Ethiopia, he highlighted the role of the country in the fight against Islamic terrorism.
The election of Ethiopia's member constituent assembly was held in June This assembly adopted the constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in December The elections for Ethiopia's first popularly chosen national parliament and regional legislatures were held in May and June Most opposition parties chose to boycott these elections.
There was a landslide victory for the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front EPRDF. International and non-governmental observers concluded that opposition parties would have been able to participate had they chosen to do so.
The first President was Negasso Gidada. The EPRDF-led government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi promoted a policy of ethnic federalism , devolving significant powers to regional, ethnically based authorities.
Ethiopia today has ten semi-autonomous administrative regions that have the power to raise and spend their own revenues. Under the present government, some fundamental freedoms, including freedom of the press , are circumscribed.
Citizens have little access to media other than the state-owned networks, and most private newspapers struggle to remain open and suffer periodic harassment from the government.
The government uses press laws governing libel to intimidate journalists who are critical of its policies. Meles' government was elected in in Ethiopia's first-ever multiparty elections; however, the results were heavily criticized by international observers and denounced by the opposition as fraudulent.
The EPRDF also won the election returning Meles to power. Although the opposition vote increased in the election, both the opposition and observers from the European Union and elsewhere stated that the vote did not meet international standards for fair and free elections.
The government initiated a crackdown in the provinces as well; in Oromia state the authorities used concerns over insurgency and terrorism to use torture, imprisonment, and other repressive methods to silence critics following the election, particularly people sympathetic to the registered opposition party Oromo National Congress ONC.
The biggest opposition party in was the Coalition for Unity and Democracy CUD. After various internal divisions, most of the CUD party leaders have established the new Unity for Democracy and Justice party led by Judge Birtukan Mideksa.
A member of the country's Oromo ethnic group, Ms. Birtukan Mideksa is the first woman to lead a political party in Ethiopia. In , the top five opposition parties were the Unity for Democracy and Justice led by Judge Birtukan Mideksa, United Ethiopian Democratic Forces led by Dr.
Beyene Petros , Oromo Federalist Democratic Movement led by Dr. Bulcha Demeksa , Oromo People's Congress led by Dr. Merera Gudina, and United Ethiopian Democratic Party — Medhin Party led by Lidetu Ayalew.
After the elections, Ethiopia lost its single remaining opposition MP;  there are now no opposition MPs in the Ethiopian parliament.
Since , landlocked Ethiopia has had no navy and the army is relatively small with about , volunteers on active duty. In Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said on state TV: "We built one of the strongest ground and air force in Africa Recent human rights violations include the killing of peaceful protestors by direct government gunfire in the Oromo and Amhara regions in Merera Gudina, leader of the Oromo People's Congress, said the East African country was at a "crossroads".
They're protesting against land grabs, reparations, stolen elections, the rising cost of living, many things. Among the Omotic Karo-speaking and Hamer peoples in southern Ethiopia, adults and children with physical abnormalities are considered to be mingi , "ritually impure".
The latter are believed to exert an evil influence upon others; disabled infants have traditionally been murdered without a proper burial. In , the Oakland Institute released a report accusing the Ethiopian government of forcing the relocation of "hundreds of thousands of indigenous people from their lands" in the Gambela Region  According to several reports by the organization, those who refused were the subject of a variety of intimidation techniques including physical and sexual abuse, which sometimes led to deaths.
According to official reports, 86 people were killed. The report stated that in , at least 25 people, suspected of supporting the Oromo Liberation Army , were killed by the forces in parts the Oromia Region.
Besides, between January and September , at least 10, people were detained under suspicion, where most were "subjected to brutal beatings".
Before , Ethiopia was divided into thirteen provinces , many derived from historical regions. The nation now has a tiered governmental system consisting of a federal government overseeing regional states, zones, districts woreda , and kebeles "neighbourhoods".
The kililoch are subdivided into sixty-eight zones , and then further into woredas and several special woredas.
The constitution assigns extensive power to regional states, which can establish their own government and democracy as long as it is in line with the federal government's constitution.
Each region has at its apex a regional council where members are directly elected to represent the districts and the council has legislative and executive power to direct internal affairs of the regions.
Article 39 of the Ethiopian Constitution further gives every regional state the right to secede from Ethiopia. There is debate, however, as to how much of the power guaranteed in the constitution is actually given to the states.
The councils implement their mandate through an executive committee and regional sectoral bureaus. Such elaborate structure of council, executive, and sectoral public institutions is replicated to the next level woreda.
At 1,, square kilometres , It lies between the 3rd parallel north and the 15th parallel north and longitudes 33rd meridian east and 48th meridian east.
The major portion of Ethiopia lies in the Horn of Africa , which is the easternmost part of the African landmass. The territories that have frontiers with Ethiopia are Eritrea to the north and then, moving in a clockwise direction, Djibouti, Somaliland, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan and Sudan.
Within Ethiopia is a vast highland complex of mountains and dissected plateaus divided by the Great Rift Valley , which runs generally southwest to northeast and is surrounded by lowlands, steppes , or semi-desert.
There is a great diversity of terrain with wide variations in climate, soils, natural vegetation and settlement patterns.
Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country, ranging from the deserts along the eastern border to the tropical forests in the south to extensive Afromontane in the northern and southwestern parts.
Lake Tana in the north is the source of the Blue Nile. It also has many endemic species, notably the gelada , the walia ibex and the Ethiopian wolf "Simien fox".
The wide range of altitude has given the country a variety of ecologically distinct areas, and this has helped to encourage the evolution of endemic species in ecological isolation.
The predominant climate type is tropical monsoon, with wide topographic-induced variation. The Ethiopian Highlands cover most of the country and have a climate which is generally considerably cooler than other regions at similar proximity to the Equator.
It experiences a mild climate year round. With temperatures fairly uniform year round, the seasons in Addis Ababa are largely defined by rainfall: a dry season from October to February, a light rainy season from March to May, and a heavy rainy season from June to September.
There are on average seven hours of sunshine per day. The dry season is the sunniest time of the year, though even at the height of the rainy season in July and August there are still usually several hours per day of bright sunshine.
Most major cities and tourist sites in Ethiopia lie at a similar elevation to Addis Ababa and have a comparable climate. In less elevated regions, particularly the lower lying Ethiopian xeric grasslands and shrublands in the east of the country, the climate can be significantly hotter and drier.
Ethiopia is vulnerable to many of the effects of climate change. These include increases in temperature and changes in precipitation.
Climate change in these forms threatens food security and the economy, which is agriculture based. Since April , Ethiopian prime minister, Abiy Ahmed has promoted Beautifying Sheger , a development project that aims to reduce the negative effects of climate change — among other things — in the capital city of Addis Ababa.
Ethiopia has 31 endemic species of mammals. However, with last sightings at Finicha'a , this canid is thought to be potentially locally extinct.
The Ethiopian wolf is perhaps the most researched of all the endangered species within Ethiopia. Ethiopia is a global center of avian diversity.
To date more than bird species have been recorded in Ethiopia, twenty of which are endemic to the country. Many of these birds feed on butterflies, like the Bicyclus anynana.
Historically, throughout the African continent, wildlife populations have been rapidly declining due to logging, civil wars, pollution, poaching, and other human factors.
When changes to a habitat occur rapidly, animals do not have time to adjust. Human impact threatens many species, with greater threats expected as a result of climate change induced by greenhouse gases.
Ethiopia has many species listed as critically endangered, endangered, and vulnerable to global extinction. The threatened species in Ethiopia can be broken down into three categories based on IUCN ratings : critically endangered , endangered , and vulnerable.
Ethiopia is one of the eight fundamental and independent centers of origin for cultivated plants in the world.
In rural areas the government also provides non-timber fuel sources and access to non-forested land to promote agriculture without destroying forest habitat.
Organizations such as SOS and Farm Africa are working with the federal government and local governments to create a system of forest management.
This project is assisting more than 80 communities. In and , Ethiopia's growth performance and considerable development gains were challenged by high inflation and a difficult balance of payments situation.
In spite of fast growth in recent years, GDP per capita is one of the lowest in the world, and the economy faces a number of serious structural problems.
However, with a focused investment in public infrastructure and industrial parks, Ethiopia's economy is addressing its structural problems to become a hub for light manufacturing in Africa.
The Ethiopian constitution defines the right to own land as belonging only to "the state and the people", but citizens may lease land up to 99 years , and are unable to mortgage or sell.
Renting of land for a maximum of twenty years is allowed and this is expected to ensure that land goes to the most productive user.
Land distribution and administration is considered an area where corruption is institutionalized, and facilitation payments as well as bribes are often demanded when dealing with land-related issues.
A lot of anger and distrust sometimes results in public protests. In addition, agricultural productivity remains low, and frequent droughts still beset the country, also leading to internal displacement.
Ethiopia has 14 major rivers flowing from its highlands, including the Nile. It has the largest water reserves in Africa.
As of [update] , hydroelectric plants represented around The remaining electrical power was generated from fossil fuels 8.
As of [update] , total electricity production was There were 0. In , Egypt and Sudan signed a bilateral treaty, the Nile Waters Agreement , which gave both countries exclusive maritime rights over the Nile waters.
Ever since, Egypt has discouraged almost all projects in Ethiopia that sought to utilize the local Nile tributaries.
This had the effect of discouraging external financing of hydropower and irrigation projects in western Ethiopia, thereby impeding water resource-based economic development projects.
However, Ethiopia is in the process of constructing a large 6, MW hydroelectric dam on the Blue Nile river. When completed, this Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is slated to be the largest hydroelectric power station in Africa.
For the year —18 E. However, the service sector represents the largest portion of the GDP. Production is overwhelmingly by small-scale farmers and enterprises, and a large part of commodity exports are provided by the small agricultural cash-crop sector.
Principal crops include coffee , legumes , oilseeds , cereals , potatoes, sugarcane , and vegetables. Ethiopia is also a Vavilov center of diversity for domesticated crops, including enset ,  coffee and teff.
Exports are almost entirely agricultural commodities with the exception of Gold exports , and coffee is the largest foreign exchange earner. Ethiopia is Africa's second biggest maize producer.
Farmers in the eastern part of the country, where a warming climate is already impacting production, have struggled in recent years, and many are currently reporting largely failed harvests as a result of a prolonged drought".
Ethiopia also has the 5th largest inventory of cattle. Recent development of the floriculture sector means Ethiopia is poised to become one of the top flower and plant exporters in the world.
Cross-border trade by pastoralists is often informal and beyond state control and regulation. This trade helps lower food prices, increase food security, relieve border tensions, and promote regional integration.
Furthermore, the government of Ethiopia is purportedly unhappy with lost tax revenue and foreign exchange revenues.
With the private sector growing slowly, designer leather products like bags are becoming a big export business, with Taytu becoming the first luxury designer label in the country.
With the construction of various new dams and growing hydroelectric power projects around the country, Ethiopia also plans to export electric power to its neighbors.
Most regard Ethiopia's large water resources and potential as its "white oil" and its coffee resources as "black gold".
The country also has large mineral resources and oil potential in some of the less inhabited regions. Political instability in those regions, however, has inhibited development.
Ethiopian geologists were implicated in a major gold swindle in Four chemists and geologists from the Ethiopian Geological Survey were arrested in connection with a fake gold scandal, following complaints from buyers in South Africa.
In , the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam project was commenced. When completed, it will provide surplus energy in Ethiopia which will be available for export to neighboring countries.
It is not clear, when this section will be built and opened. As the first part of a ten-year Road Sector Development Program, between and the Ethiopian government began a sustained effort to improve its infrastructure of roads.
Ethiopia had 58 airports as of [update] ,  and 61 as of [update]. Ethiopian Airlines is the country's flag carrier , and is wholly owned by the Government of Ethiopia.
Ethiopia's total population has grown from Currently, the population growth rate is among the top ten countries in the world.
The country's population is highly diverse, containing over 80 different ethnic groups. According to the Ethiopian national census of , the Oromo are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, at The Amhara represent Other prominent ethnic groups are as follows: Sidama 4.
Afroasiatic-speaking communities make up the majority of the population. Among these, Semitic speakers often collectively refer to themselves as the Habesha people.
The largest ethnic groups among these include the Nuer and Anuak. In addition, Ethiopia had over 75, Italian settlers during the Italian occupation of the country.
In , Ethiopia hosted a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately , The majority of this population came from Somalia approximately 64, persons , Eritrea 41, and Sudan 25, The Ethiopian government required nearly all refugees to live in refugee camps.
Languages of Ethiopia as of [update] Census . According to Ethnologue , there are 90 individual languages spoken in Ethiopia.
The former includes Oromo language , spoken by the Oromo , and Somali , spoken by the Somalis ; the latter includes Amharic , spoken by the Amhara , and Tigrinya , spoken by the Tigrayans.
Together, these four groups make up about three-quarters of Ethiopia's population. Other Afroasiatic languages with a significant number of speakers include the Cushitic Sidamo , Afar , Hadiyya and Agaw languages , as well as the Semitic Gurage languages , Harari , Silt'e , and Argobba languages.
Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by Omotic ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.
Among these idioms are Aari , Bench , Dime , Dizin , Gamo-Gofa-Dawro , Maale , Hamer , and Wolaytta. Languages from the Nilo-Saharan family are also spoken by ethnic minorities concentrated in the southwestern parts of the country.
These languages include Nuer , Anuak , Nyangatom , Majang , Suri , Me'en , and Mursi. English is the most widely spoken foreign language, and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools.
Amharic was the language of primary school instruction, but has been replaced in many areas by regional languages such as Oromiffa, Somali or Tigrinya.
The various regions of Ethiopia and chartered cities are free to determine their own working languages. Neuer Abschnitt THEMEN.
Neuer Abschnitt. Top Darstellung: AUTO XS S M L XL. Dieser Artikel wurde ausgedruckt unter der Adresse: www. Überblick über die tagesschau.